ZEDEKIAH

ZEDEKIAH, the name of several biblical figures. (1) The son of Chenaanah, one of the prophets of Samaria in the time of ahab king of Israel and jehoshaphat king of Judah (I Kings 22; II Chron. 18). Zedekiah appears to have been one of the court prophets dependent upon the king and in consequence strove to win Ahab's approval by prophesying what he wished to hear – that he would be successful in the battle of Ramoth-Gilead. For this purpose he even made horns of iron and said: "Thus says the Lord, 'With these you shall push the Arameans until they are destroyed'" (I Kings 22:11). According to the Bible, his words were contrary to those of micaiah son of Imlah, a prophet of the Lord, who prophesied defeat for the armies of Israel and Judah. Thereupon Zedekiah obsequiously smote Micaiah on the cheek and presented him as a false prophet, saying: "How did the Spirit of the Lord go from me, to speak to you" (I Kings 22:24; cf. II Chron. 18:23). In reply, Micaiah prophesied to Zedekiah: "Behold, you shall see on that day when you go into an inner chamber to hide yourself" (I Kings 22:25; cf. II Chron. 18:24). (2) The son of Maaseiah, mentioned together with Ahab son of Kolaiah in Jeremiah (29:21–23). Both were accused by Jeremiah of performing folly in Israel, committing adultery with their neighbors' wives, and speaking in the name of God lying words which He did not command them. Jeremiah prophesied that Zedekiah and Ahab would be punished at the hands of the king of Babylon, and that their fate would serve as a symbol among the exiles of Judah who would say: "The Lord make you like Zedekiah and Ahab, whom the king of Babylon roasted in the fire" (29:22). The background of Jeremiah's prophecy appears to be the support given by Zedekiah and Ahab to opposition to Babylon, in contrast to Jeremiah's view on this matter. (3) zedekiah , king of Judah. (Hanoch Reviv)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Zedekiah — Kings of Judah Saul • David • Solomon • Rehoboam • Abijah • Asa • Jehoshaphat • Jehoram • Ahaziah • Athaliah • J(eh)oash • Amaziah • Uzziah/Azariah • Jotham • Ahaz • Hezekiah • Manasseh • Amon • Josiah • Jehoahaz • Jehoiaki …   Wikipedia

  • Zedekiah — /zed i kuy euh/, n. 1. Also, Zidkijah. the last king of Judah. II Kings 24, 25; Jer. 52:1 11. 2. a male given name. * * * ▪ king of Judah original name  Mattaniah  flourished 6th century BC       king of Judah (597–587/586 BC) whose reign ended… …   Universalium

  • Zedekiah —    Righteousness of Jehovah.    1) The last king of Judah. He was the third son of Josiah, and his mother s name was Hamutal, the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah, and hence he was the brother of Jehoahaz (2 Kings 23:31; 24:17, 18). His original… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Zedekiah —    1) (Mattaniah) (fl. 6th cent BCE)    King of Judah (597 586 BCE), son of Josiah. He was origi nally called Mattaniah, but took the name Zedekiah when he was appointed king by Nebuchadnezzar in succession to Jehoiachin. Initially he refused to… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Zedekiah — The last king of Judah, placed on the throne by the Babylonian conqueror Nebuchadnezzar in 597 BCE (2 Kgs. 24:17). Jeremiah advised him to live and reign under Babylonian rule but he rebelled; Jerusalem was again besieged and captured, and… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Zedekiah — Zedekia (hebr. צדקיהו‎) war der letzte König des Reiches Juda (Südreich) in der Königszeit Israels. Er wurde von König Nebukadnezar II., Großkönig Babylons, zum König eingesetzt, nachdem dieser etwa im Dezember 598 v. Chr. (Monat Kislew) gegen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zedekiah — /zɛdəˈkaɪə/ (say zeduh kuyuh) noun Old Testament the last king of Judah, whose sons were slain before his eyes, and his eyes then put out …   Australian English dictionary

  • Zedekiah — /zed i kuy euh/, n. 1. Also, Zidkijah. the last king of Judah. II Kings 24, 25; Jer. 52:1 11. 2. a male given name …   Useful english dictionary

  • Zedekiah's Cave — in the early 20th century. Zedekiah s Cave – also known as Solomon s Quarries – is a 5 acre (20,000 m2) underground meleke limestone quarry that runs the length of five city blocks under the Muslim Quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem. It was… …   Wikipedia

  • Zedekiah ben Abraham Anaw — was an author of Jewish ritualistic works and younger brother of Benjamin ben Abraham Anaw. He lived at Rome in the thirteenth century; received his Talmudic training not only in Rome, but also in Germany, where he was the pupil of R. Jacob of… …   Wikipedia

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